TIMELINE

  • 5th Legislative Council Election

    35 members returned by the GC and 35 others by FC. 5 FC seats allocated to the new District Council (Second) FC which allowed all GC electors not registered in the 28 traditional FCs to vote.
    2012-legco

  • CY Leung won 4th CE Election

    CY Leung defeated Henry Tang in the three- person, including Democrat Party member Albert Ho, election by the1200 member EC.
    CY

  • HKSAR Government’s Reform Package for 2012 Gained Legislative Council Support 2012

    The government modified its political reform package for 2012 and put forward amendment motions for Annex I and II to the Basic Law. The motions passed in LegCo with the support from the Democratic Party which had lobbied the government and Beijing for a proposal to let the 5 new FCs seats returned by universal suffrage.
    The roadmap for CE election and full LegCo election by universal suffrage remained unresolved.
    2012-bus
    2012-get-up

  • Five Constituencies Referendum (LegCo by-election)

    Responding to the government’s latest proposal on political reform, five legislators from Civic Party and the League of Social Democrats resigned in January, triggering a territory-wide by-election that was meant to be a de facto referendum for implementing universal suffrage in 2012. The by-election drew a record low of 17.1 percent turnout.
    Five_Constituencies_Referendum_Legislative_Councillor_Resign

  • Public Consultation on the methods for selecting the CE and forming the LegCo in 2012

    The HKSAR government proposed increasing membership in the 2012 Election Committee for the CE from 800 to 1200. 75 new seats in the Committee will be allocated to elected District Council (DC) members. It also suggested increasing LegCo membership to 70, with GC and FC returning the same number of legislators.
    The 5 new FC seats are to be returned by elected DC members through election from among themselves.

  • 4th Legislative Council Election

    30 members were returned by the GC and 30 other by FC.

  • NPCSC Decision on CE Election and for Forming the LegCo in 2012 and on Issues Relating to Universal Suffrage

    NPCSC decided that the CE may be elected by universal suffrage in 2017 and that all LegCo members may be elected by universal suffrage after the CE is elected by universal suffrage.

  • Donald Tsang won 3rd CE Election

    Donald Tsang defeated Alan Leong

  • 2007/2008 Political Reform Package Failed to win LegCo Support

    The government’s proposal for selection of CE in 2007 and formation of LegCo in 2008 did not receive two-thirds majority support from LegCo members.
    The reform proposal suggested including all District Council members to the Election Committee. It also proposed adding 5 new GC seats and 5 new FC seats to LegCo. The 5 new FC seats will be returned by election among the District Council members from among themselves.

  • Donald Tsang elected to office of CE uncontested to serve out the remaining term of office

    Only Donald Tsang had enough nominations to stand as a valid candidate at the CE election.
    Sir_Donald_Tsang

  • Tung Chee-hwa resigned

  • 3rd Legislative Council Election.

    30 members were returned by the GC and 30 other by FC. No more members returned by EC.

  • NPCSC Decision on the Selection of the CE in 2007 and the Formation of LegCo in 2008

    The NPCSC decided that The 3rd CE would not be elected by universal suffrage in 2007. And the 4th term of LegCo was not going to be fully elected by universal suffrage in 2008.

  • Tung Chee-hwa won a second term uncontested

  • 2nd Legislative Council Election

    6 members were returned from EC, 24 by GC and 30 by FC.

  • The Urban Council and Regional Council Dissolved

    Renamed as Provisional Urban Council and the Provisional Regional Council after the Handover, the two councils were dissolved.

  • 1st Legislative Council Election in HKSAR

    10 members were returned by EC, 20 by Geographical Constituencies (GC) and 30 by FC.

  • The Handover

    China formally resumed sovereignty over Hong Kong. 155 years of British Colonial rule officially ended.

  • 1st Chief Executive (CE) Election

    Selection Committee elected Tung Chee-hwa as Chief Executive of the HKSAR.
    Tung_Chee_Hwa_(Feb_2011)

  • Provisional LegCo Formed

    Selection Committee elected 60 members to the Provisional Legislative Council in the HKSAR.

  • Legislative Council Fully-elected

    The LegCo was a fully-elected legislature with 20 members directly elected, 30 elected by FC (with individual voting) and 10 elected by EC.

  • Through Train Derailed

    Insisting the Patten reform had violated the spirit of the Basic Law, NPCSC decided to terminate District Councils, Urban Council, Regional Council and LegCo upon handover.

  • Establishment of the Preliminary Working Committee of the Preparatory Committee of the HKSAR

    The central government set up the Preliminary Working Committee (PWC) of the Preparatory Committee of the HKSAR to work towards the 1997 handover. The move marked the end of cooperation between China and Britain on Hong Kong’s transition to 1997.

  • Patten Reforms

    Governor Chris Patten fully exploited the grey area in the Basic Law, pushing an overhaul of LegCo election system. In 1995, all forms of corporate voting in FC would be replaced by individual voters. 9 new FCs would be created to include the entire working population.
    Chris_Patten_(By James Yuanxin Li (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 or GFDL, via Wikimedia Commons)

  • Direct Election Introduced to Legislative Council

    First-ever direct election returned 18 legislators. FC elected 21 legislators and 22 others were appointed to this 61-member legislature.

  • Basic Law was adopted by the National People's Congress

    The mini-constitution prescribes the political, economic and social systems to be practiced in HKSAR.

  • Public consultation of second draft of the Basic Law

    The second draft of the Basic Law is released for public consultation which is expected to last till the end of July 1989 and is extended to end of October.

  • LegCo indirect election

    Indirect election are held for 26 seats in the LegCo.

  • Public consultation of first draft of the Basic Law

    The first draft of the Basic Law is released for public consultation which lasted till the end of September 1988.

  • White Paper published

    The White Paper titled “The Development of Representative Government: The Way Forward” is published

  • Green Paper published

    The Green Paper titled “The 1987 Review of Developments in Representative Government” is published.

  • Regional Council becomes fully constituted

    The Council comprised 12 directly-elected members, 9 indirectly-elected members and 12 appointed members. Its jurisdiction covered the New Territories, as the Urban Council was responsible for Hong Kong Island and Kowloon.

  • The Basic Law Consultative Committee is established

    The Basic Law Consultative Committee is established with 180 members to reflect views of Hong Kong people to the BLDC.

  • 1st LegCo Election

    Expansion of the LegCo, from 46 to 56 members, of which 12 are elected by EC and 12 others by FC.

  • Basic Law Drafting Committee

    Appointed by the National People's Congress (NPC) of PRC, the HKSAR Basic Law Drafting Committee began its work.

  • Sino-British Joint Declaration

    China and Britain signed the declaration, stating that Hong Kong would be made into a Special Administrative Region (SAR) in accordance with the provisions of Article 31 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
    Zhao_ziyang_with_Baroness_Thatcher

  • White Paper on Further Development of Representative Government in Hong Kong

    The paper envisaged 24 out of 56 seats in LegCo to be elected in 1985. 12 would be indirectly elected by electoral college (EC) and another 12 elected by functional constituencies (FC). It further promised a review in 1987 to decide if direct election would be introduced to the LegCo in 1988.

  • The publication of the Green Paper

    A Green Paper “The Future Development of Representative Government in Hong Kong” is published.

  • District Board Elections

    The newly instituted District Boards, an advisory body in district management, was elected on universal franchise. This was the first territory-wide election held under universal franchise.

  • Margaret Thatcher visits China

    Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping stated that sovereignty over Hong Kong belonged to China and was not negotiable. Sino-British began negotiations over the future of Hong Kong.

  • District Board Elections

    The newly instituted District Boards, an advisory body in district management, was elected on universal franchise. This was the first territory-wide election held under universal franchise.

  • Urban Council was granted greater administrative and financial autonomy

    With its ex-officio members abolished, the Urban Council was made up of 24 unofficial members (12 appointed and 12 elected). It was given greater financial autonomy in the use of its income.

  • The Young Plan

    Governor Sir Mark Young proposed to set up a Municipal Council with two-thirds of its members elected by Chinese and non-Chinese. LegCo would be composed of 7 official members and 8 unofficial members. 4 unofficial members would be nominated by Justices of the Peace, the HK General Chamber of Commerce and the Municipal Council. The Plan, however, was never realized.
    Young_and_Ceremony_1946

  • Lease of the New Territories

    The New Territories – composed of land extending from Lamma Island in the south as well as Deep Bay and Mirs Bay in the north, was leased to the British for 99 years from 1 July 1898.
    The_Convention_for_the_Extension_of_Hong_Kong_Territory_(Ch'ing_version)

  • 1st Chinese member of LegCo

    Ng Choy 伍才(延芳), a barrister, was appointed as the 1st Chinese member of the LegCo. Wu_Tingfang

  • Convention of Peking

    Cession of the Southern part of the Kowloon peninsula (area south of Boundary Street) and Stonecutters Island to the British.
    Kowloon_Lease_(5345421450)  

  • Appointment of two unofficial members to the LegCo

    Sir George Bonham added two unofficial members to the LegCo to facilitate communications between the government and the community.
    Sir_Samuel_George_Bonham

  • Legislative Council (LegCo) Established

    There were 3 official members, including the Governor who was the President, in the LegCo.

  • Treaty of Nanjing

    Surrender of Hong Kong Island to Britain.